Teaching Artist > Lesson Plans

Title: Portrait Multiples : Complimentary Colors and Andy Warhol Artist: Andy Warhol Medium: Acrylic Painting School: Barry Elementary Grade Level: 6

Materials
Worksheet: Who is Andy Warhol?
Art Reproductions: Self Portrait, Marilyn Monroe, Coke Bottles, Campells Soup,
Elvis, and multiple examples form the 1980’s celebrity Portrait series.
Book: Andy Warhol
Assembly, Colorist , and Drawing Director Worksheets
Internet access—Google search for celebrity portraits
Tracing paper
White drawing paper (9x11)
Pencils
Black permanent markers
Acrylic Paint
Construction Paper (for mounting and display)
Liquid Glue or Yes Paste

Vocabulary
Andy Warhol Complimentary Colors Series/Multiples
Assembly line Pop Art Mass Production
Celebrity Mass media

Educational Strategies
Andy Warhol
(August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987)

Warhol was an American artist known for creating Pop Art. He was a painter, filmmaker, a commercial illustrator, writer and a celebrity.

Warhol was born Andrew Warhola in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His parents, Andrej (Andrew) Warhola and Ulja (Julia) were working-class immigrants of Austria-Hungary, which today is in northeast Slovakia. Warhol's father worked in construction in Pennsylvania.
In third grade, Warhol came down with St. Vitus' disease, which affects the nervous system causing involuntary movements and is thought to be a complication of scarlet fever. When in bed he used to draw, listen to the radio and collect pictures of movie stars around his bed. Looking back later, Warhol described the period of his sickness as very important in the development of his personality and forming his drawing skills and inspiration for art.

Warhol went to college to study commercial art and advertising.
In 1949, he moved to New York City and began a successful career in magazine illustration and advertising. He became well known mainly for his whimsical ink drawings of shoes done in a loose, blotted style.

Andy Warhol was a commercial artist. In the 1960’s, he began to make art using the advertisements for famous American products such as Campbell's Soup cans and Coca-Cola, as well as paintings of celebrities like Marilyn Monroe, and Elvis Presley. He not only wanted to make art of mass-produced items but to mass produce the art itself. He started an art studio he called “The Factory” where he and his assistants worked in an assembly line to create hundreds of prints and paintings of these common but famous things.

Pop Art focused on subjects found in mass media. His early paintings show images taken from cartoons and advertisments. His friends suggested he should paint the things he loved the most. Warhol always took things literally, so for his first major exhibition he painted his famous cans of Campbell's Soup, which he'd had for lunch for most of his life. Warhol loved money, so he later painted money. He loved celebrities, so he painted them as well. He found his images in magazines, newspaper, movies, and television. He made many copies of his paintings to show how things are constantly repeated all around us.
Warhol was famous for having said that all you need to know about him and his works is already there, "on the surface." He refused to talk about the meaning of his art. Instead, he let people make their own interpretations.

Warhol died at the relatively young age of 58 on February 22, 1987 in New York after gallbladder surgery. He had become famous, like he had dreamed about as a child, and now his name is as well known as the popular objects and people he created art about.

Throughout this unit, students will be asked to “think like Andy.” They will look at mages found in mass media and use celebrities as inspiration for their own Warhol inspired series of paintings.

Activity

Lesson 1: Students will be introduced to the work of Any Warhol. The worksheet “Who is Andy Warhol?” will be distributed and examples of his work will be placed on display throughout the room. As the class reads through the worksheet, students will be encouraged to discuss the definition of words like “famous” and “popular.” Students will a lso be asked how and why we know about celebrities, making connections between our own interests and Warhol’s fascination with famous people, Hollywood and objects of mass production. Emphasis will be placed on the concept that things that are repeated become memorized, a part of our common understanding.

Lesson 2: Each group will finalize their decision as to which celebrity they will use for the painting series. A “colorist,” ”drawing director”, and “Assembly Director” will be chosen for each group. Each group leader will receive a worksheet with information pertaining to their individual responsibilities in the project assembly. The Drawing Director will begin making a transfer drawing of the group’s celebrity portrait. Colorists will determine which complimentary color family the group will use and the Assembly directors will assist the colorists in laying out the color composition for the final presentation.

Lesson 3 & 4: Students work in group to create works of art as an assembly line, thinking about art production in the style of Andy Warhol. Inkers and Drawers finalize the image to be used for the final project while colorists designate what colors will be and how they will be arranged. All students go over their plans with their Director and with Ms. Bespalec. Each member of the group will be responsible for following the color plan and completing a finished painted image.

Lesson 5: After all members have finished their paintings, the finished work will be mounted onto a 18x24" construction paper poster to be critiqued nad presented to the class.


Accommodations

Enrichment
Books on Andy Warhol will be available on the Art Cart Library for reference.
The video “Super Star” will be played in the background on a chosen work day to
demonstrate Warhol’s artist process and eclectic personality.
Additional celebrity portraits created outside of class will be accepted as extra credit\
or one of the semester sketchbook assignments.

English as a Second Language
Students will be given plenty of opportunity to ask questions and will sit near
students that can assist with more difficult translations if necessary.
Teacher will give both oral and visual instruction (demonstrations).
Teacher will repeat directions in Spanish to all bilingual classes or students that
require extra assistance.
Students will work in groups of multi-lingual students .

Students with Disabilities
Teacher will frequently visit students to evaluate progress and comprehension.
Student will share the role of colorist or drawing director with another student in their
group that will help them with problem solving and staying on task.
Student will be given the opportunity to have the teacher work with them getting
started to reinforce expectations.

Evaluation/Assessment
Were the students able to work in groups effectively so that each student had a
chance to make informative decisions that benefited the overall outcome?
Did the students create an interesting image that could be reproduced and was able
to be painted?
Were students able to follow the colorist worksheet to create 4 paintings using
complimentary colors and arranged in an interesting way for the final presentation?
Did the students use the materials as instructed, following the guidelines for use of
complimentary colors and color mixing?
Were the students able to complete a finished work of art using an assembly line in
reflection of work by Andy Warhol?

Resources

Book— Modern masters: Andy Warhol by Carter Ratcliff
http://en wikepedia.org/wiki/andy_warhol
ARTnews Magazine, February 1994 :volume 93/Number 2




Andy Warhol Assembling Pop
2007